Urban green spaces today are watered using agriculture technologies not suitable for that purpose. Existing irrigation systems are designed to provide the same amount of water to each plant and at the same time. Urban green spaces are relatively much smaller than agriculture areas and characterized by a variety of plants and planting methods, under fluctuating environmental conditions. Each plant requires a specific amount of water at different times and frequencies. Using agriculture-watering systems in urban spaces often results in insufficient or excessive watering, which results in substantial clean water wastage, water runoff damage, high maintenance costs, high rate of plant mortality, and limited plant diversity.
Various types of plants have different irrigation requirements depending on numerous factors, such as type of plant, rate of growth, relative humidity, and planting method (pots, beds, planters, ground etc).
Environmental factors such as humidity, temperature, wind, light exposure, soil type and gravitational seepage, also affect the irrigation requirements of the various plants. Insufficient watering or excessive watering is detrimental to the plant and its root system.
The use of a standard irrigation system, where plants arranged along the same irrigation line, receive the same amount of water at the same time, poses a similar threat of excessive or insufficient watering.